Teachings of Guru Nanak Dev Ji

      Guru Nanak was a True Icon of Faith. Guru Nanak was a perfect human being and he awakened India from a dormant, dreamy condition to the realization of God. For true believers who live by his example, his word of God and his precious gems of wisdom shine a light on the meaning of life.
      Guru Nanak was the Greatest Teacher of the World who brought forward True Knowledge and made no compromises in his principles. Guru Nanak Dev Ji’s teachings are a way of life to millions of people all over the world. Among the many philosophical foundations laid by Guru Nanak, his characterization of God is most recognizable. It forms the opening lines of Guru Granth Sahib :-

ੴ ਸਤਿ ਨਾਮੁ ਕਰਤਾ ਪੁਰਖੁ ਨਿਰਭਉ ਨਿਰਵੈਰੁ
ਅਕਾਲ ਮੂਰਤਿ ਅਜੂਨੀ ਸੈਭੰ ਗੁਰ ਪ੍ਰ੍ਸਾਦਿ ॥


Guru Nanak’s Main Teachings are:-

ਨਾਮ ਜਪੋ  Naam Japo: Chanting the Holy Name and thus remembering God at all times (ceaseless devotion to God).
ਵੰਡ ਛਕੋ  Vund Chhako: Share and care, especially with those who are in need.
ਕਿਰਤ ਕਰੋ Kirat Karo: Earn an honest living by ensuring that no action leads to cheating or exploitation.
      The crux of his teaching was "Equality of Humans" without distinction of caste or creed. Guru Nanak preached against discrimination and prejudices due to race, caste, status, etc. He didn't only preached these concepts he also took practical steps to achieve it. Guru Nanak was a reformer. He attacked the vicious tentacles of corruptions in society. He strongly protested against formalism and ritualism. He carried the message of peace and of love to everybody. He was very liberal in his views. He did not observe the rules of caste. He tried his level best to remove the superstitions of the people. He preached purity, justice, goodness and the love of God. He introduced the singing of God’s praise, along with music, as a means of linking the soul of man with God.

      Guru Nanak believed in equality of men and women. He had great reverence for women; and elevated the position of women by spreading this message:

ਭੰਡਿ ਜੰਮੀਐ ਭੰਡਿ ਨਿੰਮੀਐ ਭੰਡਿ ਮੰਗਣੁ ਵੀਆਹੁ ॥
ਭੰਡਹੁ ਹੋਵੈ ਦੋਸਤੀ ਭੰਡਹੁ ਚਲੈ ਰਾਹੁ ॥
ਭੰਡੁ ਮੁਆ ਭੰਡੁ ਭਾਲੀਐ ਭੰਡਿ ਹੋਵੈ ਬੰਧਾਨੁ ॥
ਸੋ ਕਿਉ ਮੰਦਾ ਆਖੀਐ ਜਿਤੁ ਜੰਮਿਹ ਰਾਜਾਨ ॥
ਭੰਡਹੁ ਹੀ ਭੰਡੁ ਊਪਜੈ ਭੰਡੈ ਬਾਝੁ ਨ ਕੋਇ ॥
ਨਾਨਕ ਭੰਡੈ ਬਾਹਰਾ ਏਕੋ ਸਚਾ ਸੋਇ ॥

From woman, man is born; within woman, man is conceived; to woman he is engaged and married.
Woman becomes his friend; through woman, the future generations come.
When his woman dies, he seeks another woman; to woman he is bound.
So why call her bad? From her, kings are born.
From woman, woman is born; without woman, there would be no one at all.
O Nanak, only the True Lord is without a woman.

Guru Nanak scorned those who considered women to be evil and inferior to men by asking:
Why should we call her inferior, when it is she who gives birth to great persons.

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